This comprehensive book discusses cartilage repair and all its aspects. These aspects vary from basic insights in cartilage biology and regeneration via MRI, to results of existing cartilage repair techniques and upcoming novel approaches. Fundamental cartilage biology is the topic covered within the first chapters of the book. These chapters not only provide an insight in healthy, damaged and regenerative cartilage but also describe developments in gene therapy and methods to enhance chondrogenesis of stemcells and prevent hypertophic differentiation. There is a huge progress in the possibilities of MR imaging of both healthy, damaged and regenerative cartilage. These developments not only enable better monitoring of cartilage repair but may also unravel the pathophysiology of the development of cartilage defects. Different cartilage repair techniques (e.g. allografts, autologous chondrocytes transplantation [ACT], microfracture), there technical aspects (e.g. developments towards an total arthroscopic approach), pitfalls, and outcomes are reported in the following chapters. In these chapters factors important for the results of cartilage repair such as meniscal repair, patient factors are described. Finally, an overview of novel cartilage repair techniques such as minced cartilage, denovo cartilage and more areas are discussed in this comprehensive addition to the literature.
Comprised of clinical cases demonstrating strategies for both common and complex knee preservation, this concise, practical casebook will provide orthopedic surgeons with the best real-world strategies to properly manage the many kinds of knee injuries and disorders they may encounter. The opening section presents the knee joint as a unique structure, reviewing the anatomy and function of articular cartilage and the meniscus, the effects of joint malalignment, the role of the synovium, and how joint failure is defined. The next two sections are comprised of clinical cases with a unique presentation, followed by a description of the diagnosis, assessment and management techniques used to treat it, as well as the case outcome, and clinical pearls and pitfalls. Cases included illustrate small and large cartilage defects, osteochondritis dessicans, chondral defects and lesions, meniscal allograft transplantation, and tibial and tibiofemoral cartilage defects, among others. The final section examines the current evidence for the treatment of articular cartilage lesions and emerging techniques in knee joint preservation and cartilage restoration. Pragmatic and reader-friendly, Joint Preservation of the Knee: A Clinical Casebook is an excellent resource for orthopedic surgeons and sports medicine specialists treating common and complex injuries of the knee.
Now in a revised and expanded second edition, this practical text utilizes the most current evidence and knowledge of articular cartilage as the basis for clinical interventions for cartilage repair and restoration, combining an overview of clinical research and methodologies with clinical cases to help guide the orthopedic treatment and care of patients presenting with cartilage issues. Carefully updated chapters discuss the state-of-the-art in cartilage anatomy, defects and imaging, current tibiofemoral and patellofemoral surgical options, debridement and marrow stimulation, osteochondral autografts and allografts, osteotomies, cell therapy, and meniscal transplantation. New chapters explore new surgical treatment strategies and revision for failed cartilage repair, case vignettes presenting real-life treatment decisions and outcomes, and rehabilitation protocols following cartilage repair. Written and edited by experts in the field and bringing the most recent literature and research to bear, Cartilage Restoration remains a valuable resource on joint preservation for orthopedic surgeons, residents, and fellows, sports medicine specialists and rheumatologists.
This guide focuses on the normal meniscal mechanism, body and function. Meniscal pathology and therapy are depicted in detail, followed by a presentation of long-term experience of meniscal transplantation and a look into the future of meniscal surgery.
This clinical guide provides a special focus on the normal meniscal mechanism, body and function. Meniscal pathology and therapy are depicted in detail, followed by the presentation of long-term experience of meniscal transplantation and a look into the future of meniscal surgery. During the last few decades, as the management of meniscal trauma has evolved, and knowledge gained on meniscal function, the orthopaedic surgeon has attempted to preserve the meniscus whenever possible. Arthroscopic meniscal repair has become the treatment of choice when the tear is located in the peripheral rim. Partial meniscectomy has become limited to such an extent that the deleterious effect of total meniscectomy is avoided. Meniscal allograft replacement, which has been available for the last two decades, is used when the patient is confronted with a painful total meniscectomy. Future research and experiments may suggest that partial meniscal replacement might be indicated in the presence of a painful knee compartment after failed meniscal repair or partial meniscectomy.